Research Articles

Short Research Description

The Quave lab applies the ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery. We examine botanical natural products for anti-virulence activity in treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. This involves field research to document traditional therapies for skin infections, collection of plants for chemical extraction, and bioassay-guided fractionation strategies to isolate novel drugs. You can check the stats on our work in Google Scholar. As of July 2023, Dr. Quave has an H-index of 45, i-10 of 90, and >6,800 total citations of work from her lab.

† Awards, honors, or high citations associated with the publication; ‡ Description of my contribution if I am neither first nor last author (per Emory guidelines); ** Students/postdocs/medical residents I have trained, undergraduate researchers are underlined; # Equal contributions.

Published Research Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals:

  1. Marquez, L., Y. Lee, D. Duncan, L. Whitesell, L.E. Cowen, C. Quave. (2023) Potent Antifungal Activity of Penta-O-galloyl-β-d-Glucose against Drug-Resistant Candida albicansCandida auris, and Other Non-albicans Candida Species. ACS Infectious Diseases,
  2. Chhetri, B., N. Mojib, S.G. Moore, D.A. Delgadillo, J.E. Burch, N.H. Barrett, D.A. Gaul, L. Marquez, K. Soapi, H.M. Nelson, C.L. Quave, J. Kubanek. (2023) Cryptic chemical variation in an understudied marine red alga as revealed by non-targeted metabolomics. ACS Omega, 8, 15, 13899–13910.
  3. Brayton, S., Z.E.A. Toles, C.A. Sanchez, M.E. Michaud, L.M. Thierer, T.M. Keller, C.J. Risener, C.L. Quave, W.M. Wuest, K.P.C. Minbiole (2023) Soft QPCs: Biscationic Quaternary Phosphonium Compounds as Soft Antimicrobial Agents. ACS Infectious Diseases
  4. Risener, C.J., S. Woo, T. Samarakoon, M. Caputo, E. Edwards, K. Klepzig, W. Applequist, K. Zandi, S.L. Goh, J.A. Downs-Bowen, R.F. Schinazi, C.L. Quave. (2023) Botanical inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry: a phylogenetic perspective. Scientific Reports 13(1):1244. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-28303-x
  5. Arora, M., S.C. Zambryzcki, J.M. Levy, A. Esper, J.K. Frediani, C.L. Quave, F.M. Fernández, R. Kamaleswaran. (2022) Machine Learning Approaches to Identify Discriminative Signatures of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) from Bacteria and Fungi using SPME-DART MS. Metabolites, 12, 232.
  6. Pájaro-González, Y. A. Oliveros Díaz, J. Cabrera, E. Fernández, N. Reyes, O. Montes, W. Quiñones, C.L. Quave, L. Franco, D. Caro, F. Díaz-Castillo. (2022) Mammea B/BA isolated from the seeds of Mammea americana is a potent inhibitor of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Frontiers in Pharmacology 13,
  7. Zeiler, M.J., G.M. Connors, G.M. Durling, A.G. Oliver, L. Marquez, R. Melander, C.L. Quave, C.C. Melander. (2022) Synthesis, Stereochemical Confirmation, and Derivatization of a Clerodane Diterpene That Sensitizes Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus to β-Lactam Antibiotics. Angewandte Chemie, e202117458,
  8.  Bergquist, S., K. Rastorguieva, J. Bonnet, J.S. Mascaro, F. Lobelo, L. W. Craighead, C.I. Haack, C.L. Quave, J. Bilko, C.J. Collins, M.A. Moore. (2022). Rationale and design of the Emory Healthy Kitchen Collaborative: A 12-month culinary-based lifestyle program. International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention doi: 10.22230/ijdrp.2022v4n1a279
  9. Falk, K., S. Satola, F. Chassagne, G. Northington, C.L. Quave. (2021). Biofilm production by uropathogens in postmenopausal women with recurrent and isolated urinary tract infection. Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000001124
  10. La Rosa, A., L. Cornara, A. Saitta, A.M. Salam, S. Grammatico, M. Caputo, T.L. Mantia, C.L. Quave. (2021). Ethnobotany of the Aegadian Islands: safeguarding biocultural refugia in the Mediterranean. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 17, 47 DOI:
  11. Salam, A.M., G. Porras, Y-S.K. Cho, M.M. Brown, C.J. Risener, L. Marquez, J.T. Lyles, J. Bacsa, A.R. Horswill, C.L. Quave. (2021) Castaneroxy A from the leaves of Castanea sativa inhibits virulence in Staphylococcus aureus. Frontiers in Pharmacology 12, 1487
  12. Lyles, J.T., L. Luo, K. Liu, D.P. Jones, R.M. Jones, C.L. Quave (2021) Cruciferous Vegetables (Brassica oleracea) Confer Cytoprotective Effects in Drosophila Intestines. Gut Microbes Jan-Dec 2021;13(1):1-6. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2021.1921926.
  13. Khan, M.F., Z.R. Mashwani, A. Mehmood, R. Qureshi, R. Sarwar, K.S. Ahmed, C.L. Quave. (2021) An ethnopharmacological survey and comparative analysis of plants from the Sudhnoti district, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 17, Article number: 14. Doi:
  14. Mullalija, B., B. Mustafa, A. Hajdari, C.L. Quave, A. Pieroni. (2021) Ethnobotany of rural and urban Albanians and Serbs in the Anadrini region, Kosovo. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
  15. Carrol, D., F. Chassagne, M. Dettweiler, C.L. Quave. (2020) Antibacterial activity of plant species used for oral health against Porphyromonas gingivalis. PLoS One 15(10): e0239316.
  16. Dettweiler, M. #, L. Marquez#, M. Lin, A.M. Sweeney-Jones, B.K. Chhetri, D.V. Zurawski, J. Kubanek, C.L. Quave. (2020) Pentagalloyl glucose from Schinus terebinthifolia inhibits growth of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Scientific Reports 10, 15340.
  17. Dettweiler, M., L. Marquez, M. Bao, C.L. Quave. (2020). Quantifying synergy in the bioassay-guided fractionation of natural product extracts. PLoS One 15(8): e0235723.
  18. Schultz, F. , G. Anywar, H. Tang, F. Chassagne, J.T. Lyles, L.-A. Garbe, C.L. Quave. (2020). Targeting ESKAPE pathogens with anti-infective medicinal plants from the Greater Mpigi region in Uganda. Scientific Reports. 10, 11935.
  19. Dettweiler, M., R.J. Melander, G. Porras, C. Risener, L. Marquez, T. Samarakoon, C. Melander#, C.L. Quave#. (2020) A clerodane diterpene from Callicarpa americana resensitizes methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to ß-Lactam antibiotics ACS Infectious Diseases 6, 1667-1673.
  20. Tang, H.#, G. Porras-Brenes#, M. M. Brown, F. Chassagne, J.T. Lyles, J. Bacsa, A. Horswill, C.L. Quave (2020) Triterpenoid acids isolated from Schinus terebinthifolia fruits reduce Staphylococcus aureus virulence and abate dermonecrosis. Scientific Reports 10, 8046.
  21. Schultz, F., G. Anywar, B. Wack, C.L. Quave, L.-A. Garbe. (2020) Ethnobotanical survey and literature assessment of selected medicinal plants traditionally used in the rural Greater Mpigi region of Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 256: 112742.
  22. Su, M., J.T. Lyles, R. Petit, J.M. Peterson, M. Hargita, H. Tang, C. Solis-Lemus, C.L. Quave, T.D. Read. (2020) Genomic analysis of variability in Delta-toxin levels between Staphylococcus aureus strains. PeerJ 8:e8717
  23. Hajdari, A., B. Mustafa, L. Hyseni, A. Bajrami, G. Mustafa, C.L. Quave, D. Nebija. (2020). Phytochemical study of eight medicinal plants of the Lamiaceae family traditionally used as tea in the Sharri Mountains region of the Balkans. The Scientific World Journal Article ID 4182064.
  24. Mustafa, B., A. Hajdari, B. Pulaj, C.L. Quave, A. Pieroni. (2020). Medical and wild food ethnobotany among Albanians and Serbs living in the Shtërpcë/Štrpce area, South Kosovo. Journal of Herbal Medicine
  25. Caputo, M.#, J.T. Lyles#, Salazar#, C.L. Quave. (2020) LEGO MINDSTORMS Fraction Collector: A low-cost tool for a Preparative High Performance Liquid Chromatography System. Analytical Chemistry DOI:
  26. Pineau, R.M., S. Hanson, J.T. Lyles, C.L. Quave. (2019) Chemical characterization and anti-acne activity of Callicarpa americana. Frontiers in Pharmacology 10 (1206): 1-12. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.01206
  27. Porras, G., J. Bacsa, H. Tang, C.L. Quave. (2019) Characterization and structural analysis of Genkwanin, a natural product from Callicarpa americana. Crystals 9(10), 491;
  28. Dettweiler, M., J.T. Lyles, K. Nelson, B. Dale, R.M. Reddinger, D. Zurawski, and C.L. Quave. (2019). American Civil War plant medicines inhibit growth, biofilm formation, and quorum sensing by multidrug-resistant bacteria. Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44242-y
  29. Chhetri,B.K., S. Lavoie, N. Mojib, A.M. Sweeney-Jones, V. Raghavan, K. Gagaring, S. Karunakaran, C.W. McNamara, K. Soapi, B. Dale, C.L. Quave, P.L. Polavarapu and J. Kubanek (2019) Peyssonnosides A–B, unusual diterpene glycosides with a sterically encumbered cyclopropane motif: Structure elucidation using an integrated spectroscopic and computational workflow. Journal of Organic Chemistry.
  30. Chassagne, F.#, Huang#, J.T. Lyles, C.L. Quave. (2019) Validation of an ancient Traditional Chinese Medicine use of Ginkgo biloba as a topical antimicrobial. Frontiers in Microbiology 10(775): 1-13.
  31. Lavoie, S., A.M. Sweeney-Jones, N. Mojib, B. Dale, Gagaring, C.W. McNamara, C.L. Quave, K. Soapi, J. Kubanek. (2019) Antibacterial oligomeric polyphenols from the green alga Cladophora socialis. Journal of Organic Chemistry 84 (9): 5035-5045.
  32. Richwagen, N., J.T. Lyles, B. Dale, C.L. Quave. (2019) Antibacterial activity of Kalanchoe mortagei and K. fedtschenkoi against ESKAPE pathogens. Frontiers in Pharmacology 10 (67): 1-13.
  33. Reddy, S., K. Brothers, C.L. Quave, S.C. Chen (2018). Altering perceptions of scientists among 5th graders by the introduction of female role models: A new opportunity for dermatologists? Journal of Investigative Dermatology doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2018.09.017
  34. Khan, M.F., H. Tang, J.T. Lyles, R. Pineau, Z.R. Mashwani and C.L. Quave. (2018) Antibacterial properties of medicinal plants from Pakistan against multidrug-resistant ESKAPE pathogens. Frontiers in Pharmacology doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00815
  35. Hajdari, A., A. Pieroni, M. Jhaveri, B. Mustafa, C.L. Quave. (2018) Ethnomedical Knowledge of Slavic Speaking People in South Kosovo. Ethnobiology and Conservation 7:6. doi:10.15451/ec2018-03-07.06-1-42
  36. Lyles, J.T.#, Kim#, K. Nelson, A. Bullard-Roberts, A. Hajdari, B. Mustafa, C.L. Quave. (2017) The chemical and antibacterial evaluation of St. John’s Wort oil macerates used in Kosovar traditional medicine. Frontiers in Microbiology
  37. Lavoie, S., D. Brumley, T.S. Alexander, C. Jasmin, F.A. Carranza, K. Nelson, C.L. Quave, and J. Kubanek. (2017) Iodinated meroditerpenes from a red alga Callophycus sp. The Journal of Organic Chemistry DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00096
  38. Lyles, J.T., Tyler, E.J. Bradbury, K. Nelson, C.F. Brown, S.T. Pierce, C.L. Quave (2017). Comparative Phytochemical Analysis of Schisandra spp. (Chinese and Bay Starvine). Journal of Dietary Supplements 1-13. doi: 10.1080/19390211.2017.1304483
  39. Fontaine, B.M., K. Nelson, J.T. Lyles, B. Jariwala, J. M. Garcia-Rodriguez, C.L. Quave#, E.E. Weinert#. (2017) Identification of ellagic acid rhamnoside as a bioactive component of a complex botanical extract. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:496 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00496
  40. Muhs, A., J.T. Lyles, C.P. Parlet, K. Nelson, J.S. Kavanaugh, A. R. Horswill, C.L. Quave. (2017) Virulence inhibitors from Brazilian Peppertree block quorum sensing and abate dermonecrosis in skin infection models. Scientific Reports 7: 42275 doi:10.1038/srep42275
  41. Pieroni, A. R. Sõukand, C.L. Quave, A. Hajdari and B. Mustafa. (2017) Traditional food uses of wild plants among the Gorani of South Kosovo. Appetite 108:83-92.DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2016.09.024
  42. Quave, C.L. and A. Saitta. (2016) Forty-five years later: The shifting dynamic of traditional ecological knowledge Pantelleria Island, Italy. Economic Botany 70(4): 380-393. doi:10.1007/s12231-016-9363-x
  43. Nelson, K., J.T. Lyles, Li, A. Saitta, E. Addie-Noye, P. Tyler, C. L. Quave. (2016) Anti-acne activity of Italian medicinal plants used for skin infection. Frontiers in Pharmacology 7:425
  44. Hajdari, A., B. Mustafa, D. Nebija, H. Selimi, Z. Veselaj, P. Breznica, C.L. Quave and J. Novak. (2016). Essential oil composition of Pinus peuce Griseb. needles and twigs from two national parks of Kosovo. The Scientific World Journal
  45. Pulaj, B., B. Mustafa, K. Nelson, C.L. Quave, A. Hajdari. (2016) Chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of Pistacia terebinthus essential oils derived from wild populations in Kosovo. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 16:147. DOI 10.1186/s12906-016-1135-8
  46. Hajdari, A., B. Mustafa, G. Ahmeti, B. Pulaj, B. Lukas, A. Ibraliu, G. Stefkov, C.L. Quave, J. Novak. (2015). Essential oil variation among natural populations of Pinus mugo Turra in Kosovo. SpringerPlus 4:828 DOI 10.
  47. Hadjari, A., B. Mustafa, D. Nebija, E. Miftari, C.L. Quave, J. Novak. (2015) Chemical composition of Juniperus communis L. cone essential oil and its variability among wild populations in Kosovo. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 12: 1706–1717. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.201400439
  48. Quave, C.L., J.T. Lyles, J.S. Kavanaugh, K. Nelson, C.P. Parlet, H.A. Crosby, K.P. Heilmann, A.R. Horswill. (2015) Castanea sativa (European Chestnut) leaf extracts rich in ursene and oleanene derivatives block Staphylococcus aureus virulence and pathogenesis without detectable resistance. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0136486. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136486
  49. Sõukand, R., M. Biró, A. Dénes,Y. Doğan, A. Hajdari, R. Kalle, B. Reade, B. Mustafa, A. Nedelcheva, C.L. Quave, Ł. Łuczaj, A. Pieroni. (2015) An ethnobotanical perspective on traditional fermented plant foods and beverages in Eastern Europe. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 170:284-296.
  50. Mustafa, B., A. Hajdari, A. Pieroni, B. Pulaj, C. Koro, C.L. Quave. (2015) A cross-cultural comparison of folk plant uses among Albanians, Bosniaks, Gorani, and Turks living in southwest Kosovo. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 11:39. doi:10.1186/s13002-015-0023-5
  51. Bartha, S.G., L. Quave, L. Balogh, N. Papp. (2015) Ethnoveterinary practices of Covasna County, Transylvania, Romania. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 11:35. doi:10.1038/518487a
  52. Quave, C.L. and A. Pieroni. (2015). A reservoir of ethnobotanical knowledge informs resilient food security and health strategies in the Balkans. Nature Plants DOI: 10.1038/NPLANTS.2014.21
  53. Papp, N., D. Czégényi, A. Hegedűs, T. Morschhauser, C.L. Quave, K. Cianfaglione and A. Pieroni (2014). The uses of Betula pendula Roth among Hungarian Csángós and Székelys in Transylvania, Romania. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 83(2): 113-122.
  54. Talekar, S.J., S. Chochua, K. Nelson, K.P. Klugman, C.L. Quave and J.E. Vidal (2014). 220D-F2 from Rubus ulmifolius kills Streptococcus pneumoniae planktonic cells and pneumococcal biofilms. PLoS ONE 9(5): e97314.
  55. Pieroni, A., K. Cianfaglione, A. Nedelcheva, A. Hajdari, B. Mustafa and C.L. Quave (2014). Resilience at the border: traditional botanical knowledge among Macedonians and Albanians living in Gollobordo, Eastern Albania. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10:31.
  56. Quave, C.L. and A. Pieroni (2014) Fermented foods for food sovereignty and food security in the Balkans: A case study of the Gorani people of northeastern Albania. Journal of Ethnobiology 34(1): 28-43.
  57. Abbasi, A.M., S.M. Khan, M. Ahmad, M.A. Khan, C.L. Quave, and A. Pieroni. (2014). Botanical ethnoveterinary therapies in three districts of the Lesser Himalayas of Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 9:84.
  58. Pieroni, A., A. Nedelcheva, A. Hadjari, B. Mustafa, B. Scaltriti, K. Cianfaglione, and C. L. Quave. (2014). Local knowledge on plants and domestic remedies in the mountain villages of Peshkopia (Eastern Albania). Journal of Mountain Science 11(1): 180-194.
  59. Jiang, S. and C.L. Quave. (2013). A comparison of traditional food and health strategies among Taiwanese and Chinese immigrants in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:61.
  60. Pieroni, A., B. Rexhepi, A. Nedelcheva, A. Hajdari, B. Mustafa, V. Kolosova, K. Cianfaglione, and C.L. Quave. (2013) One century later: the folk botanical knowledge of the last remaining Albanians of the upper Reka Valley, Mount Korab, Western Macedonia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 9:22.
  61. Rexhepi, B., B. Mustafa, A. Hajdari, J. Rushidi-Rexhepi, C.L. Quave and A. Pieroni. (2013). Traditional medicinal plant knowledge among Albanians, Macedonians and Gorani in the Sharr Mountains (Republic of Macedonia). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution DOI 10.1007/s10722-013-9974-3
  62. Mattalia, G., C.L. Quave, and A. Pieroni (2013) Traditional uses of wild food and medicinal plants among Brigasc, Kyé, and Provençal communities on the Western Italian Alps. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 60:587-603.
  63. Hobby, G., C. L. Quave, K. Nelson, C. Compadre, K. Beenken, and M.S. Smeltzer. (2012) Quercus cerris extracts limit Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 144(3): 812-815.
  64. Ellena, R., C.L. Quave and A. Pieroni (2012) Comparative medical ethnobotany of the Senegalese community living in Turin (North-Western Italy) and in Adeane (Southern Senegal). Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. doi:10.1155/2012/604363
  65. Pieroni, A., C.L. Quave and M.E. Giusti. (2012) “We are Italians!”: the hybrid ethnobotany of a Venetian diaspora in Eastern Romania. Human Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s10745-012-9493-4
  66. di Tizio, A., Ł. Łuczaj, C.L. Quave, S. Redžić and A. Pieroni (2012). Traditional food and herbal uses of wild plants in the ancient South-Slavic diaspora of Mundimitar/Montemitro (Southern Italy). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 8:21
  67. Mustafa, B. A. Hajdari, F. Krasniqi, E. Hoxha, H. Ademi, C.L. Quave and A. Pieroni (2012). Medical ethnobotany of the Albanian Alps in Kosovo. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 8:6.
  68. Quave, C.L., M.E. Carmona, C.M. Compadre, G. Hobby, H. Hendrickson, K. Beenken, and M.S. Smeltzer. (2012). Ellagic acid derivatives from Rubus ulmifolius inhibit Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and improve response to antibiotics. PLoS ONE 7(1): e28737.
  69. Mustafa, B., A. Hajdari, Q. Pajazita, B. Syla, C.L. Quave, and A. Pieroni (2011). An ethnobotanical survey of the Gollak region, Kosovo. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. doi: 10.1007/s10722-011-9715-4
  70. Ordóñez, P.E., C. L. Quave, W.F. Reynolds, K.I. Varughese, B. Berry, O. Malagón, M.S. Smeltzer, and C.M. Compadre. (2011). Sesquiterpene lactones of Gynoxys verrucosa and their anti-MRSA activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 137(2):1055-1059.
  71. Pieroni, A., M.E. Guisti, and C.L. Quave. (2011) Cross-cultural ethnobiology in the Western Balkans: medical ethnobotany and ethnozoology among Albanians and Serbs in the Pešter plateau, Sandžak, south-western Serbia. Human Ecology 39: 333-349.
  72. Quave, C.L., L.R.W. Plano, and B.C. Bennett (2010) Quorum sensing inhibitors for Staphylococcus aureus from Italian medicinal plants. Planta Medica, 76: 1-8.
  73. Quave, C.L., U. Lohani, A. Verde, J. Fajardo, D. Rivera, C. Obón, A. Valdes, and A. Pieroni (2010). A comparative assessment of zootherapeutic remedies from selected areas in Albania, Italy, Spain and Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology 30(1): 92-125.
  74. Bhattarai, S., R.P. Chaudhary, C.L. Quave, and R.S.L. Taylor. (2010). The use of medicinal plants in the trans-himalyan arid zone of Mustang district, Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6:14.
  75. Quave, C.L., L.R.W. Plano, T. Pantuso, and B.C. Bennett (2008). Effects of extracts from Italian medicinal plants on planktonic growth, biofilm formation and adherence in MRSA. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 118: 418-428.
  76. Quave, C.L., A. Pieroni, and B.C. Bennett (2008) Dermatological remedies in the traditional pharmacopoeia of Vulture-Alto Bradano, inland southern Italy. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4:5.
  77. Pieroni, A. and C.L. Quave. (2005). Traditional pharmacopoeias and medicines among Albanians and Italians in southern Italy: A comparison. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101(1-3): 258-270.
  78. Quave, C.L. and A. Pieroni. (2005). Ritual healing in Arbëreshë Albanian and Italian communities of Lucania, southern Italy. Journal of Folklore Research 42(1): 57-97.
  79. Pieroni, A., C.L. Quave and R.F. Santoro. (2004). Folk pharmaceutical knowledge in the territory of the Dolomiti Lucane, inland southern Italy. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 95(2-3): 373-384.
  80. Pieroni, A., C.L. Quave, M.L.Villanelli, P. Mangino, G. Sabbatini, L. Santini, T. Boccetti, M. Profili, T. Ciccioli, L.G. Rampa, G. Antonimi, C. Girolamini, M. Cecchi, and M.Tomasi. (2004). Ethnopharmacognostic survey on the natural ingredients used in folk cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and remedies for healing skin diseases in the inland Marches, Central-Eastern Italy. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 91: 331-344.
  81. Pieroni, A., C. Quave, S. Nebel and M. Heinrich. (2002). Ethnopharmacy of the ethnic Albanians (Arbëreshë) in northern Basilicata, Italy. Fitoterapia 73: 217-41.
  82. Pieroni, A., S. Nebel, C. Quave and M. Heinrich. (2002). Ethnopharmacology of liakra: traditional weedy vegetables of the Arbëreshë of the Vulture area in southern Italy. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81: 165-85.
  83. Quave, C.L. (1999). Helminthic infection and anemia in childhood: A comparative analysis of Western and traditional medicine in Tamanco Jurisdiction, Napo River, Amazon. Lambda Alpha Journal 29: 29-39.